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First metatarsophalangeal joint replacement with modular three-component press-fit implant. Preliminary report.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Musculoskeletal Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY:

The aim of this retrospective study was to assess functional and radiographic results of the first metatarsophalangeal joint replacement with use of unconstrained, modular, three components, porous titanium and hydroxyapatite coated, press-fit METISĀ® prosthesis. According to author's knowledge, results of that type of prosthesis have never been published before.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

25 prosthesis were implanted in 24 patients between February 2009 and May 2011. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal scoring system (AOFAS-HMI) was used to assess functional results. Patients were also asked if they would undergo procedure again or recommend it to other people. Weight bearing radiographs ware made at final follow up and analyzed for presence of osteolysis and radiolucencies. In 8 patients total joint replacement was introduced as a salvage after failure of previous surgery like Keller resection arthroplasty, failed arthrodesis, avascular necrosis and postoperative arthritis. In 11 patients the reason for prosthetic replacement were hallux rigidus, in 4 cases rheumatoid arthritis and gout in one patient. In two patients additional procedures like Akin phalangeal osteotomy and in one case fifth metatarsal osteotomy, was performed. There were 20 females and 4 males in presented group. The mean age at the operation was 56 years. The average follow up period was 18 months (from 12 to 36 months).

RESULTS:

The median postoperative value of AOFAS-HMI scores was 88 points (from 75 to 95 points). First metatarsophalangeal joint motion (dorsiflexion plus plantarflexion) was classified according to AOFAS-HMI ranges as: moderately restricted (between 30 to 70 degrees) in 19 patients 80% (20 prosthesis) and severely restricted (less then 30 degrees) in 5 patients (20%). 15 (64%) patients were completely satisfied, 5 (20%) reported moderate satisfaction and (16%) 4 were totally disappointed and would not undergo this procedure again. A limited hallux dorsiflexion was the main dissatisfaction reason. Partial radiolucent line was seen in one patient (4%). Authors noticed two serious complications. In one patient, with rheumatoid arthritis, deep infection occurred 12 months after prosthesis implantation. In second case phalangeal implant was revised due to misalignment.

CONCLUSIONS:

METISĀ® metatarsophalangeal joint replacement allows alleviate of pain relating to hallux rigidus and partial restoration of joint movement, even in patients after failures of primary metatarsophalangeal joint surgery. AOFAS-HMI results are better than previously reported in the literature in assessment of the first metatarsophalangeal joint replacement. Radiographic results imply satisfactory bone ingrowth into the cementless implants.

PMID:
23452424
[PubMed - in process]
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