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Am J Ind Med. 2013 Aug;56(8):907-10. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22167. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Fatalities due to dichloromethane in paint strippers: a continuing problem.

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  • 1Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Exposure to dichloromethane (DCM or methylene chloride - CH₂ Cl₂ ) in paint strippers continues to be an avoidable source of morbidity and mortality. DCM has been under regulatory scrutiny by occupational and consumer product agencies since the identification of its carcinogenicity in the mid-1980s.

METHODS:

We investigated two independent workplace incidents that resulted in three cases of DCM intoxication from paint stripper use.

RESULTS:

Each incident investigated resulted in a fatality. A third worker suffered obtundation requiring hospitalization and intubation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The continued occurrence of fatalities and other serious injuries due to DCM-containing paint strippers in the United States calls for a re-evaluation of existing regulatory strategies.

Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

asphyxia; chlorinated solvent; confined space; dichloromethane; fatality; methylene chloride; paint stripper

PMID:
23450690
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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