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Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Mar;64(1):42-5. doi: 10.1007/s12070-011-0158-1. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Ear trauma in orlu, Nigeria: a five-year review.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, P. M. B 8, Orlu, Imo Nigeria.

Abstract

To review the presentation, types and aetiology of ear trauma and various factors affecting ear trauma in our patients over a 5 year period. All patients treated for ear trauma over a 5 year period were studied using their clinical records. Data extracted were analysed using SPSS version 11 software. The results were presented in simple descriptive and tabular forms. Forty-one patients, 18(43.90%) males and 23(56.10%) females were studied, ages 12-43 years, average 26.3 + 5 years. Blows/Slaps (65.85%) from assault was the commonest aetiology while bleeding from the ear (73.17%), hearing loss (70.73%) and tympanic membrane perforation (68.29%) were the most frequent presentations. Ear trauma is common and mostly affects the tympanic membrane. Sudden increase in canal pressure from blows/slaps was the major mechanism of injury. Management outcome was good except for few late presenters with compilations.

KEYWORDS:

Aetiology; Ear; Presentation; Trauma

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