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Am J Health Promot. 2013 Mar-Apr;27(4):270-8. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.110427-QUAN-171.

Ethnic differences in the home environment and physical activity behaviors among low-income, minority preschoolers in Texas.

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  • 1The University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston, School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler, RAS E-603, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the ethnic differences in the home physical activity and screen time environment of preschoolers enrolled in Head Start.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Sixteen Harris County Department of Education (HCDE) Head Start centers, Texas.

SUBJECTS:

Seven hundred and six preschoolers enrolled in HCDE Head Start centers and their parents. MEASURES. Items from the parent-reported Healthy Home Survey evaluating the home physical activity environment and the Nutrition Screening form evaluating screen time.

ANALYSIS:

Mixed model linear and logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Of the parents, 75.06% were overweight or obese. Hispanic parents were more likely to have a yard or open space (p = .014) and usable play equipment in the yard (p = .019) for their children to play in compared to African-Americans. Conversely, more African-American parents reported having a television (TV) in their preschooler's bedroom (p = .032) and were less likely to cut down their child's TV viewing time (p = .036). African-American preschoolers were reportedly more likely to eat while watching TV (p = .009), play video games for ≥ 2 hours on weekdays (p = .018) and have computer time for ≥ 2 hours on weekends (p = .007), compared to Hispanics.

CONCLUSION:

The Hispanic participants of this study had a healthier home environment for physical activity and screen time as compared with their African-American counterparts. Future interventions targeting lifestyle change need to address these factors in an ethnic-specific manner.

PMID:
23448417
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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