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J Med Food. 2013 Mar;16(3):268-71. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2012.0169. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

In vivo genotoxicity and oxidative stress evaluation of an ethanolic extract from piquiá (Caryocar villosum) pulp.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Analysis, Toxicology, and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.


In this study, the ethanolic extract obtained from piquiá pulp was assessed for genotoxicity and oxidative stress by employing the micronucleus test in bone marrow and peripheral blood cells in addition to comet, thiobarbituric-acid-reactive substances (TBARS), and reduced glutathione assays in the liver, kidney, and heart. Additionally, phytochemical analyses were performed to identify and quantify the chemical constituents of the piquiá extract. Wistar rats were treated by gavage with an ethanolic extract from piquiá pulp (75 mg/kg body weight) for 14 days, and 24 h prior to euthanasia, they received an injection of saline or doxorubicin (15 mg/kg body weight, intraperoneally). The results demonstrated that piquiá extract at the tested dose was genotoxic but not mutagenic, and it increased the TBARS levels in the heart. Further studies are required to fully elucidate how the properties of ethanolic extract of piquiá pulp can affect human health.

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