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Afr J Reprod Health. 2012 Dec;16(4):43-9.

[Contribution of transvaginal ultrasound to hysterosalpingography in the etiological research on female infertility in Abidjan].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de radiologie du Centre Hospitalo-universitaire de Yopougon. 21 BP 2716 Abidjan 21.


We performed hysterosalpingography (HSG) and transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) in 124 Ivorian women as part of an infertility evaluation. The aim was to investigate the causes of infertility and show the advantages of combining HSG and TVU as part of a comprehensive evaluation of infertility in African woman. TVU and HSG were normal in 35.5% of cases, while in 64.5% of cases, at least one disease was demonstrated. This included uterine pathology in 50.3%, tubal disease in 25.2%, ovarian pathology in 7.5% and peritoneal pathology in 7% of cases. Of all the diseases identified by the association HSG and TVU, 71.3% were found by TVU, while 61.5% were confirmed by HSG. TVU was more efficient in identifying uterine and ovarian pathologies while HSG excelled in tubal pathology. HSG and TUV had identical performances on the peritoneal pathology. The association HSG-ETV should be systematic in the full assessment of female infertility in sub-Saharan Africa.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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