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Int J Mol Sci. 2012 Nov 26;13(12):15784-800. doi: 10.3390/ijms131215784.

Brain metastases from colorectal cancer: microenvironment and molecular mechanisms.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 12 Middle Wulumiqi Road, Shanghai 200040, China.


Colorectal cancer is one of the most common digestive tract malignancies in the world. Owing to the newer and more effective systemic therapies, the life of colorectal cancer patients can be remarkably prolonged, and the incidence of brain metastases is increasing. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of brain metastasis from colorectal cancer. Here we review the tumor microenvironment and metastasis associated molecules in brain metastases from colorectal cancer. A further understanding of these mechanisms will help us to propose better strategies for colorectal cancer patients with brain metastasis and improve their life quality.

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