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Magn Reson Med. 2014 Jan;71(1):133-44. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24638. Epub 2013 Feb 25.

Steady-state first-pass perfusion (SSFPP): a new approach to 3D first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA; Siemens Healthcare, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe and characterize a new approach to first-pass myocardial perfusion utilizing balanced steady-state free precession acquisition without the use of saturation recovery or other magnetization preparation.

THEORY:

The balanced steady-state free precession sequence is inherently sensitive to contrast agent enhancement of the myocardium. This sensitivity can be used to advantage in first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging by eliminating the need for magnetization preparation.

METHODS:

Bloch equation simulations, phantom experiments, and in vivo 2D imaging studies were run comparing the proposed technique with three other methods: saturation recovery spoiled gradient echo, saturation recovery steady-state free precession, and steady-state spoiled gradient echo without magnetization preparation. Additionally, an acquisition-reconstruction strategy for 3D perfusion imaging is proposed and initial experience with this approach is demonstrated in healthy subjects and one patient.

RESULTS:

Phantom experiments verified simulation results showing the sensitivity of the balanced steady-state free precession sequence to contrast agent enhancement in solid tissue is similar to that of magnetization-prepared acquisitions. Images acquired in normal volunteers showed the proposed technique provided superior signal and signal-to-noise ratio compared with all other sequences at baseline as well as postcontrast.

CONCLUSIONS:

A new approach to first-pass myocardial perfusion is presented that obviates the need for magnetization preparation and provides high signal-to-noise ratio.

Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac MRI; first-pass myocardial perfusion; steady state

PMID:
23440705
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3664646
Free PMC Article
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