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Heart Surg Forum. 2013 Feb 1;16(1):E57-9. doi: 10.1532/HSF98.20121063.

Left ventricular myxoma producing cardiac failure.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Etlik Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.



Seventy-five percent of primary cardiac tumors are benign, and most are myxomas. Seventy-five percent of myxomas originate from the left atrium, and 2.5% arise from the left ventricle. Heart failure is a rare complication of myxoma.


A 54-year-old male patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the pulmonology department with a diagnosis of pneumonia and congestive heart failure during hospitalization. An echocardiography evaluation revealed a mobile mass (3.3 cm X 1.2 cm) in the left ventricle. The measured ejection fraction was 22%. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations confirmed the presence of a myxoma in the left ventricle. The myxoma was a hanging mass with a stalk on the interventricular septum near the anterior mitral valve annulus. We visualized the gelatinous fragile mass on the septum; we then extracted the myxoma via a transaortic approach with the patient on cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient was discharged 10 days after surgery.


Myxoma is treated by early surgical resection because of the potential for serious complications. Left ventricular myxomas have been reported to lead to a silent heart failure. This case is important because of its location and the patient's resultant heart failure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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