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J Child Health Care. 2013 Dec;17(4):397-409. doi: 10.1177/1367493512468359. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Inequality in child mortality across different states of India: a comparative study.

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  • 1Indian Statistical Institute, India.


The burden of social inequality falls disproportionately on child health and survival. This inequality raises the question of how wide this gap is, or what its relation is with the level of child mortality. Whether these disparities are increasing or declining with the development and how they differ from region to region or from state to state within the country needs to be looked into. As a measure of inequality and to compare the disparities between different states of India, concentration curves and indices are constructed from infant and under five mortality data classified under different quintiles of wealth index from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) data of India. Inequality measures indicate that inequality in child mortality is more concentrated in the comparatively developed states than the poorer states in India.


Child Health; Child Mortality; Concentration Curve; Inequalities in Health; Wealth Index.

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