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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Apr 1;21(7):1898-904. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.01.044. Epub 2013 Jan 31.

Peripherally acting novel lipo-endomorphin-1 peptides in neuropathic pain without producing constipation.

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  • 1School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.

Abstract

We previously described two novel analogues of endomorphin-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH2, 1), modified with an 8-carbon lipoamino acid (C8LAA) with or without replacement of Tyr(1) with 2,6-dimethyltyrosine (Dmt) at the N-terminus of the peptide (compounds 3 and 4, respectively). They were shown to be more stable and permeable, and acted as potent μ-opioid receptor agonists. In this study we report that the C8LAA modification resulted in successful systemic delivery of both analogues. They produced potent dose-dependent pain relief in a chronic constriction injury-rat model of neuropathic pain after intravenous administration with ED50 values obtained at 6.58 (±1.22) μmol/kg for 3 and 6.18 (±1.17) μmol/kg for 4. Using two different rat models of constipation that assess the effects of μ-opioid receptor agonists on stool hydration and gastro-intestinal motility, compound 3 produced insignificant constipation at 16 μmol/kg, whereas morphine elicited significant constipation at 2 μmol/kg. Compound 3 in contrast to morphine, did not attenuate the hypercapnic ventilatory response at 5 μmol/kg, a dose that fully alleviated hindpaw sensitivity at the time of peak effect in CCI-rats. This finding revealed the lack of respiratory depression effect at antinociceptive dose.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23433669
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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