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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Mar;5(6):2075-84. doi: 10.1021/am302921r. Epub 2013 Mar 11.

Interfacial characteristics of a PEGylated imidazolium bistriflamide ionic liquid electrolyte at a lithium ion battery cathode of LiMn2O4.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York 13699, USA.

Abstract

Nonvolatile and nonflammable ionic liquids (ILs) have distinct thermal advantages over the traditional organic solvent electrolytes of lithium ion batteries. However, this beneficial feature of ILs is often counterbalanced by their high viscosity (a limiting factor for ionic conductivity) and, sometimes, by their unsuitable electrochemistry for generating protective layers on electrode surfaces. In an effort to alleviate these limiting aspects of ILs, we have synthesized a PEGylated imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (bistriflamide) IL that exhibited better thermal and electrochemical stability than a conventional electrolyte based on a blend of ethylene carbonate and diethyl carbonate. The electrochemical performance of this IL has been demonstrated using a cathode consisting of ball-milled LiMn2O4 particles. A direct comparison of the ionic liquid electrolyte with the nonionic low-viscosity conventional solvent blend is presented.

PMID:
23432452
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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