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J Mol Neurosci. 2013 Nov;51(3):933-40. doi: 10.1007/s12031-013-9980-0. Epub 2013 Feb 21.

Four common polymorphisms in microRNAs and the risk of adult glioma in a Chinese case-control study.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Number 23 Youzheng Street, Nangang District, Harbin, 150001, Heilongjiang, China.


Emerging evidence has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in human carcinogenesis as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. It has been suggested that four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; miR-146aG > C, 149C > T, 196a2C > T, and 499A > G) are associated with susceptibility to numerous malignancies. However, published results are inconsistent and inclusive. To further investigate the role of these loci, we examined the association of the miRNA polymorphisms with the risk of gliomas in a Han population in northeastern China. Both miR-146aG > C and 196a2C > T showed allelic differences between glioma patients and healthy controls in the studied population, with an OR of 1.30 (P = 0.0006) and an odds ratio (OR) of 1.25 (P = 0.003), respectively. Logistic regression analysis also revealed that the 146aG > C and 196a2C > T wild-type homozygous carriers had an increased glioma risk compared to the variant carriers. Besides, in pairwise comparisons two SNP combinations were associated with the risk of glioma. Among others, carriers of both homozygous risk genotypes, i.e., 146aGG and 196a2CC were associated with a nearly 4-fold increased risk of glioma (OR = 3.77, P = 1.3 × 10(-4)). Overall, glioma risk increased with increasing numbers of risk variant alleles. These results suggest that the miR-146aG > C and 196a2C > T might influence the risk of developing glioma in a northeastern Han Chinese population.

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