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Appl Neuropsychol Child. 2012;1(2):112-20. doi: 10.1080/21622965.2012.703890.

Beyond DSM: the role of auditory processing in attention and its disorders.

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  • 1Department of Research, Athena Academy, Palo Alto, CA, USA.


This article reviews and synthesizes recent research regarding auditory processing, attention, and their roles in generating both adaptive and maladaptive behavioral responses. Research in these areas is beginning to converge on the role of polymorphisms associated with catecholamine metabolism and transport, particularly the neurotransmitter dopamine. The synthesis offered in this article appears to be the first to argue that genetic differences in dopamine metabolism may be the common factor in four disparate disorders that are often observed to be comorbid, i.e., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, auditory processing disorders, developmental language disorders, and reading disorders.

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