Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatrics. 2013 Mar;131(3):e837-42. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-0640. Epub 2013 Feb 18.

Retrospective evaluation of a new neonatal trigger score.

Author information

  • 1Neonatal Unit, Whittington Health, London, N19 5NF, UK. harrietholme@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To design and validate an objective clinical scoring system to identify unwell neonates, by using routinely collected bedside observations.

METHODS:

A Neonatal Trigger Score (NTS) was designed by using local expert consensus and incorporated into a new observation chart. All neonates >35 weeks' gestation admitted to the NICU over an 18-month period, and an age-matched "well" cohort, were retrospectively scored by using the newly constructed NTS and all established pediatric early warning system (PEWS) scores.

RESULTS:

Scores were calculated for 485 neonates. The NTS score area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.924 with a score of 2 or more predicting need for admission to the NICU with 77% sensitivity and 97% specificity. Neonates scoring ≥2 had increased odds of needing intensive care (odds ratio [OR] 48.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 27.5-86.3), intravenous fluids (OR 48.1, 95% CI 23.9-96.9), and continuous positive airway pressure (OR 29.5, 95% CI 6.9-125.8). The NTS was more sensitive than currently established PEWS scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

The NTS observation chart acts as an adjunct to clinical assessment, highlighting unwell neonates. Its simplicity allows successful and safe use by nonpediatric specialists. NTS out-performed PEWS, with significantly better sensitivity, particularly in neonates who deteriorated within the first 12 hours after birth (P < .001) or in neonates with sepsis or respiratory symptoms (P < .001). Neonates with a score of 1 should be reviewed and those scoring ≥2 should be considered for NICU admission for further management.

PMID:
23420915
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk