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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Jul;21(7):1367-9. doi: 10.1002/oby.20323. Epub 2013 May 29.

In vivo precision of the GE iDXA for the assessment of total body composition and fat distribution in severely obese patients.

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  • 1McGill University, Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the precision of the iDXA for total body composition and fat distribution measurements in severely obese patients.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Sixty-five severely obese participants with a mean age of 46 ± 11 years, BMI of 49 ± 6 kg/m(2) , and a mean body mass of 137.3 ± 20.9 kg took part in this investigation. Two consecutive iDXA scans with repositioning of the total body were conducted for each participant. The coefficient of variation (CV), the root-mean-square (RMS) averages of standard deviations of repeated measurements, the corresponding 95% least significant change, and Intraclass Correlations (ICC) were calculated.

RESULTS:

Precision expressed as % CV, for total body bone mineral content, fat free mass, total body fat, total body lean, and % total body fat were 1.08%, 0.94%, 0.90%, 1.00%, 0.79%, respectively. Precision was 1.44% for gynoid fat distribution and 1.64% for android fat (AF) distribution. The ICCs in all DXA measurements were 0.99 with % AF having the lowest at 0.96.

CONCLUSIONS:

The GE Lunar iDXA™ demonstrated excellent precision for total body composition assessments and is the first study to assess reproducibility in severely obese individuals.

Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

PMID:
23418030
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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