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Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes. 2013;107(1):44-52. doi: 10.1016/j.zefq.2012.11.013. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Competence training in evidence-based medicine for patients, patient counsellors, consumer representatives and health care professionals in Austria: a feasibility study.

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  • 1University of Hamburg, Unit of Health Sciences and Education, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Informed and shared decision-making require competences for both partners - healthcare professionals and patients. There is a lack of training courses in evidence-based medicine for patients and counsellors.

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated feasibility, acceptability and the potential effects of a 2 x 2.5 days training course on critical health competences in patients, patient counsellors, consumer representatives and healthcare professionals in Austria.

METHODS:

We adapted a previously developed curriculum for patient and consumer representatives. The adaptation comprised the specific needs of our target group in Austria and was founded on Carl Rogers' theory of person-centred education. For the formative evaluation a questionnaire was applied to address the domains: 1) organisational conditions (time and duration of the course, location, and information given in advance, registration); 2) assistance outside the courses; 3) teaching methods (performance of lecturers, teaching materials, structure of modules and blocks) and 4) satisfaction; 5) subjective assessment of competences. Participants evaluated the course, using a 5-point Likert scale. Long-term implementation was assessed using semi-structured interviews three to six months after the course. To estimate the increase in critical health competences we used the validated Critical Health Competence Test (CHC test).

RESULTS:

Eleven training courses were conducted including 142 participants: patients (n=21); self-help group representatives (n=17); professional counsellors (n=29); healthcare professionals (n=10); psychologists (n=8); teachers (n=10) and others (n=29). 97 out of 142 (68 %) participants returned the questionnaire. On average, participants strongly agreed or agreed to 1) organisational conditions: 71 % / 23 %; 2) assistance outside the courses: 96 % / 10 %; 3) teaching methods: 60 % / 28 %; and 4) satisfaction: 78 % / 20 %, respectively. Interviews showed that the training course raised awareness, activated and empowered participants. Participants passed the CHC test with mean person parameters of 463±111 (pre-test, n=120) and 547±135 (post-test, n=91). For participants who returned both tests (n=71) person parameters were comparable: pre-test 466±121 versus post-test 574±100, p<0,001.

CONCLUSION:

Training in evidence-based medicine for patients, patient counsellors, consumer representatives and healthcare professionals is feasible. For a broad implementation, train-the trainer courses and further research are needed.

Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

PMID:
23415343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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