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Am J Surg. 2013 Mar;205(3):349-52; discussion 352-3. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2012.11.005.

The novel use of intraoperative laser-induced fluorescence of indocyanine green tissue angiography for evaluation of the gastric conduit in esophageal reconstructive surgery.

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  • 1Springfield Clinic, 801 North 1st Street, Springfield, IL 62702, USA.



Esophagectomy with reconstruction using a gastric conduit is associated with a relatively high rate of anastomotic leakage. We used indocyanine green tissue angiography to evaluate the gastric conduit intraoperatively before gastroesophageal anastomosis to identify ischemia.


We performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of all esophagectomies performed from 2010 to the beginning of 2011. Patient histories and perioperative outcomes were reviewed retrospectively. Postoperative morbidity and 30-day mortality were determined.


Eleven patients had an esophagectomy performed using this technology. All had adequate perfusion on gross examination. All but 1 had good perfusion with tissue angiography, and there were 2 anastomotic leakages leaks including this patient. There were no mortalities at 30 days.


We report preliminary results using this imaging system in esophageal reconstructive surgery. Larger randomized controlled studies are needed to determine if surgical outcomes can be improved using this technology.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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