Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2013 Jun;27(6):2111-21. doi: 10.1096/fj.12-205054. Epub 2013 Feb 14.

EphB2 isolates a human marrow stromal cell subpopulation with enhanced ability to contribute to the resident intestinal cellular pool.

Author information

  • 1Department of Animal Biotechnology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA.

Abstract

To identify human bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) subsets with enhanced ability to engraft/contribute to the resident intestinal cellular pool, we transplanted clonally derived BMSCs into fetal sheep. Analysis at 75 d post-transplantation showed 2 of the 6 clones engrafting the intestine at 4- to 5-fold higher levels (5.03±0.089 and 5.04±0.15%, respectively) than the other clones (P<0.01), correlating with the percentage of donor-derived Musashi-1(+) (12.01-14.17 vs. 1.2-3.8%; P<0.01) or leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5)(+) cells within the intestinal stem cell (ISC) region. Phenotypic and transcriptome analysis determined that the clones with enhanced intestinal contribution expressed high levels of Ephrin type B receptor 2 (EphB2). Intestinal explants demonstrated proliferation of the engrafted cells and ability to generate crypt-like structures in vitro still expressing EphB2. Additional transplants based on BMSC EphB2 expression demonstrated that, at 7 d post-transplant, the EphB2(high) BMSCs engrafted in the ISC region at levels of 2.1 ± 0.2%, while control EphB2(low) BMSCs engrafted at 0.3 ± 0.1% (P<0.01). Therefore we identified a marker for isolating and culturing an expandable subpopulation of BMSCs with enhanced intestinal homing and contribution to the ISC region.

KEYWORDS:

Lgr5; Musashi-1; crypts of Lieberkühn; epithelial; niche; transcriptome; transplant

PMID:
23413357
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3659358
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk