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Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2013;6(3):469-75. Epub 2013 Feb 15.

Inflammatory aortic aneurysm: possible manifestation of IgG4-related sclerosing disease.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

In this study, we investigate the hypothesis that IgG4-related autoimmune reaction is involved in the formation of inflammatory aortic aneurysms (IAA). We obtained 23 cases of IAA and 11 cases of atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms (AAA) as control group. We evaluated the expression of IgG4 in both IAA study cases and AAA control cases. In addition, immunohistochemical expression of C-Kit, CD21, CD34, S-100 protein, SMA, vimentin, p53, beta-catenin, and ALK-1, and EBV-LMP1 expression by in situ hybridization were performed only in IAA cases. Of the 23 patients, 20 were males and 3 were females (M: F ratio 6.7:1); age ranged from 43 to 81 years (average 64.3 years). Histologically, all 23 cases of IAA formed a mass that displayed inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor-like features. All lesions stained strongly and diffusely for vimentin and SMA (100%); 17 stained strongly and focally for CD34 (74%); and all were negative for C-Kit, CD21, S-100 protein, p53, beta-catenin, EBV-LMP1, and ALK-1. The numbers of infiltrating IgG4-positive plasma cells in IAA cases exceed that of AAA cases. Score 3 (>50 plasma cells/one 40X field) of IgG4-positive plasma cells was only seen in IAA cases (13/23, 57%), whereas none of the 11 cases of AAA showed score 3 IgG4-positive plasma cells (P=0.0018, Fischer's exact test). Our findings suggest that IAA may be an aortic manifestation of the IgG4-related sclerosing disease. The high number of positive plasma cells, >50 plasma cells/one 40X field is more specific for the IAA than for AAA; however, lesser number can be seen in both IAA and AAA patients.

KEYWORDS:

IgG4 related sclerosing disease; Inflammatory aortic aneurysms; immunohistochemistry

PMID:
23411750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3563203
Free PMC Article
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