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Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013 Feb 18;45(1):135-9.

[Method and its application of gingival thickness measurement based on cone-beam computed tomography].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of Periodontology, Peking University School, Beijing, China.



To develop a novel method for obtaining the clear visualization of the gingival profile by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) that consistently allows the measurements of gingival thickness and use it to explore the relationship between the gingival thickness and gingival biotype, and the gingival thickness and underlying alveolar bone thickness in the maxillary anterior region.


In this study, 15 volunteers with healthy gingiva in the maxillary anterior teeth were involved, and a special preparation was done before CBCT scans including making impression with the contrast agent. The tissue biotypes were assessed clinically with the probe, The thickness of both gingiva and bone and the gingival thickness of the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) were measured radiographically with cone-beam computed tomography scans. All data analyses were performed using SPSS 16.0.


The CBCT image showed clear visualization of the gingival profile. The average gingival thickness of the CEJ was (1.22±0.32) mm. A correlation was observed between the tissue biotypes and the gingival thickness (r=0.449,P<0.05). The labial gingival thickness was negative associated with the underlying bone thickness measured with CBCT in the maxillary anterior region (r=-0.31, P=0.021).


A method was established for measuring gingival thickness based on cone-beam computed tomography. The gingival biotypes had a positive correlation with gingival thickness of the CEJ.

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