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PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55995. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055995. Epub 2013 Feb 7.

Temporal processing and speech perception in noise by listeners with auditory neuropathy.

Author information

  • 1All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysore, India. vijaynarne@gmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

The present study evaluated the relation between speech perception in the presence of background noise and temporal processing ability in listeners with Auditory Neuropathy (AN).

METHOD:

The study included two experiments. In the first experiment, temporal resolution of listeners with normal hearing and those with AN was evaluated using measures of temporal modulation transfer function and frequency modulation detection at modulation rates of 2 and 10 Hz. In the second experiment, speech perception in quiet and noise was evaluated at three signal to noise ratios (SNR) (0, 5, and 10 dB).

RESULTS:

Results demonstrated that listeners with AN performed significantly poorer than normal hearing listeners in both amplitude modulation and frequency modulation detection, indicating significant impairment in extracting envelope as well as fine structure cues from the signal. Furthermore, there was significant correlation seen between measures of temporal resolution and speech perception in noise.

CONCLUSION:

Results suggested that an impaired ability to efficiently process envelope and fine structure cues of the speech signal may be the cause of the extreme difficulties faced during speech perception in noise by listeners with AN.

PMID:
23409105
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3567005
Free PMC Article
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