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Cell Biochem Biophys. 2013 Jul;66(3):747-52. doi: 10.1007/s12013-013-9519-6.

Increased expression of the spindle checkpoint protein BubR1 is associated with high cell proliferation in primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University School of Medicine, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.


Primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL) is a relatively rare malignancy with limited results on clinical characteristics and carcinogenesis. Chromosome instability (CIN) is a hallmark of cancer cells, including lymphoma. As a key component of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), BubR1 plays a crucial role in maintaining genome stability. To elucidate the roles of BubR1 in the pathogenesis of PGI-DLBCL, and its relationship to cell proliferation, Helicobacter pylori infection, and BCL-6 gene translocation, we examined the possible alterations of BubR1 protein expression in PGI-DLBCL patients. Paraffin-embedded cancer tissues from 20 PGI-DLBCL patients were evaluated for BubR1 and H. pylori expression by immunohistochemistry, as well as cell proliferative activity measured by Ki-67 proliferation index (PI). BCL-6 gene rearrangement was assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and BubR1 expression status was compared with clinicopathological parameters in PGI-DLBCL patients. Overexpression of BubR1 was observed in the majority of PGI-DLBCL patients. The mean expression level of BubR1 was 57.33 ± 23.27% in PGI-DLBCL, which was higher than normal gastrointestinal tissue (10.18 ± 5.65%) and reactive lymph node (26.74 ± 8.60%) (P < 0.01), while it was comparable to nodal lymphoma (54.32 ± 21.28%) (P > 0.05). BubR1 overexpression had a positive correlation with Ki-67 proliferation index (PI) (r = 0.51, P < 0.01) in PGI-DLBCL, but had no relationship to H. pylori infection and BCL-6 gene translocation. In addition, no correlation was found between BubR1 expression levels and overall survivals (P > 0.05). BubR1 overexpression was associated with cell proliferation and may play a role in the carcinogenesis of PGI-DLBCL. Aberrant BubR1 expression may potentially be a biomarker for estimating biologic characteristics of PGI-DLBCL.

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