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Environ Technol. 2012 Oct-Nov;33(19-21):2305-17.

Chemometrics approach for determination and optimization of simultaneous photooxidative decolourization of a mixture of three textile dyes.

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  • 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.


In this paper simultaneous photooxidation of three textile dyes (CI Basic Red 46 (BR46), Malachite Green (MG) and CI Basic Blue 3 (BB3)) by UV/H2O2 process is reported. A rapid analytical methodology based on recording UV-Vis spectra during the photooxidative decolourization process and the data treatment using multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) was developed. The three textile dyes were quantified simultaneously despite the overlap of their spectra. Also, the central composite design was applied for optimization of the photooxidative decolourization of the solution containing three dyes using the UV/H2O2 process. The investigated factors (variables) were the reaction time, initial concentration of the three dyes and initial concentration of H2O2. The optimum initial concentration of the three dyes, H2O2 initial concentration and reaction time were found to be 4 mg/L, 48 mg/L and 30 min, respectively. The photodegradation products of three dyes were identified by the GC-MS technique.

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