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Avian Pathol. 2013 Feb;42(1):32-7. doi: 10.1080/03079457.2012.757289.

Exogenous ARC down-regulates caspase-3 expression and inhibits apoptosis of broiler chicken cardiomyocytes exposed to hydrogen peroxide.

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  • 1Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, P.R. China.


Apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) is highly involved in apoptosis induced by oxidative stress or ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Furthermore, even though the exact mechanism is still unknown, some studies suggest that exogenous ARC also possesses anti-apoptotic ability. The study investigated whether mouse-derived ARC acquires anti-apoptotic ability and the pathway of regulation in chick embryo cardiomyocytes. To evaluate whether mouse-derived ARC can inhibit chick embryo cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide, recombinant pcDNA3.1/ARC plasmid was acquired and transfected into chick embryo cardiomyocytes. ARC-related gene (caspase-2, caspase-8, caspase-3, and caspase-9, cytochrome C, bcl-2, and XIAP) mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. Here we demonstrate that hydrogen peroxide induced apoptosis in chick embryo cardiomyocytes in a time-dependent manner and that this effect could be suppressed by mouse-derived ARC expression. Moreover, unlike endogenous ARC, exogenous ARC was exclusively expressed in the cytoplasm and down-regulated caspase-2, caspase-8, and caspase-3, bcl-2, and XIAP gene expression levels. However, only caspase-3 protein levels were decreased. In addition, threonine 149 phosphorylation by CK2 was required for exogenous ARC to exert an anti-apoptotic effect in chicken embryo cardiomyocytes and suggested exogenous ARC may in part share the same pathway of regulation with endogenous ARC. These results indicate that mouse-derived ARC plays an important role in protection of chick embryo cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-3 mRNA and protein expression levels.

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