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J Hum Genet. 2013 Apr;58(4):216-25. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2013.3. Epub 2013 Feb 7.

Mutational analysis of TSC1 and TSC2 in Japanese patients with tuberous sclerosis complex revealed higher incidence of TSC1 patients than previously reported.

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  • 1Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan.


Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multiple hamartias and hamartomas involving throughout the body. To date, many TSC1 and TSC2 mutations have been reported all over the world, however, few TSC mutation studies have been performed in the Japanese population, and genetic characteristics of Japanese TSC patients are not yet clear. In this study, we analyzed TSC1 and TSC2 in 57 Japanese patients with TSC (8 familial and 49 sporadic; 46 definite and 11 suspect TSC) and identified 31 mutations including 11 TSC1 mutations (two familial and nine sporadic; all definite TSC) and 20 TSC2 mutations (2 familial and 18 sporadic; 19 definite and 1 suspect TSC). We also reviewed all Japanese TSC mutations previously reported. Our study demonstrates significantly higher incidence (P=0.007) of TSC1 mutations among sporadic TSC patients in the Japanese population compared with US and European studies. No differences emerged in mutation distributions and types in precedent studies, excepting low frequency of the TSC2 nonsense mutation. Comparing clinical manifestations, developmental delay and/or mental retardation were milder in TSC1 patients than TSC2 patients for its frequency (P=0.032) and severity (P=0.015); however, no other symptoms were clearly different.

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