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Med Intensiva. 2013 Dec;37(9):575-83. doi: 10.1016/j.medin.2012.11.013. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

[Survival of out-hospital cardiac arrests attended by a mobile intensive care unit in Asturias (Spain) in 2010].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Servicio de Atención Médica Urgente del Principado de Asturias (SAMU Asturias), Unidad de Gestión de Atención a las Urgencias y Emergencias Médicas, Oviedo, España. Electronic address: fernandoiglesiasl@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate attendance timings, out- and in-hospital characteristics, and survival of cardiac arrests attended by an advanced life support unit in Asturias (Spain) in 2010. Factors related to survival upon admission and at discharge were also analyzed.

DESIGN:

A retrospective, observational trial was carried out involving a cohort of out-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occurring between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2010, with one year of follow-up from OHCA.

SETTING:

Health Care Area IV of the Principality of Asturias, with a population of 342,020 in 2010.

PATIENTS:

All patients with OHCA and attended by an advanced life support unit were considered.

MAIN VARIABLES:

Demographic data, the etiology of cardiac arrest, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), attendance timings and survival upon admission, at discharge and after one year.

RESULTS:

A total of 177 OHCA were included. Of these, 120 underwent CPR by the advanced life support team. Sixty-six of these cases (55%) were caused by presumed heart disease. A total of 63 patients (52.5%) recovered spontaneous circulation, and 51 (42.5%) maintained circulation upon admission to hospital. Thirteen patients (10.8%) were discharged alive. After one year, 11 patients were still alive (9.2%) - 9 of them (7.5%) with a Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) score of 1. Ventricular fibrillation and short attendance timings were related to increased survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

The survival rate upon admission was better than in other series and similar at discharge. Initial rhythm and attendance timings were related. Public automated external defibrillators (AED) were not used, and bystander CPR was infrequent.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. and SEMICYUC. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Análisis bayesiano; Bayesian analysis; Cardiac arrest; Cardiovascular diseases; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Out-hospital cardiac arrest; Parada cardiaca; Parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria

PMID:
23384884
[PubMed - in process]
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