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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Feb 27;61(8):1920-7. doi: 10.1021/jf304561f. Epub 2013 Feb 18.

Profiling of metabolites in oil palm mesocarp at different stages of oil biosynthesis.

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  • 1Sime Darby Technology Centre Sdn Bhd, UPM-MTDC Technology Centre III, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.


Oil palm is one of the most productive oil producing crops and can store up to 90% oil in its fruit mesocarp. However, the biosynthetic regulation and drivers of palm mesocarp development are still not well understood. Multiplatform metabolomics technology was used to profile palm metabolites during six critical stages of fruit development in order to better understand lipid biosynthesis. Significantly higher amino acid levels were observed in palm mesocarp preceding lipid biosynthesis. Nucleosides were found to be in high concentration during lipid biosynthesis, whereas levels of metabolites involved in the tricarboxylic acid cycle were more concentrated during early fruit development. Apart from insights into the regulation of metabolites during fruit development in oil palm, these results provide potentially useful metabolite yield markers and genes of interest for use in breeding programs.

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