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Acta Biomater. 2013 May;9(5):6431-8. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.01.028. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

Poly(amidoamine) dendrimer-grafted porous hollow silica nanoparticles for enhanced intracellular photodynamic therapy.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, People's Republic of China.


We report a novel photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug-carrier system, whereby third-generation (G3) polyamidoamine (PAMAM) was successfully grafted to the surface of porous hollow silica nanoparticles (PHSNPs), followed by the attachment of gluconic acid (GA) for surface charge tuning. The composite G3-PAMAM-grafted PHSNPs (denoted as G3-PHSNPs) with a diameter range of 100-200 nm and about 30 nm sized shell thickness retain bimodal pore structures (e.g. inner voids and porous structure of the shells) and PAMAM-functionalized outer layer with a large number of amino groups, allowing high loading efficacy of aluminum phthalocyanine tetrasulfonate (AlPcS4) and its effective release to target tissue. The GA-induced G3-PHSNPs were evidenced to be able to favorably cross tumor cell walls and enter into the cell interior. The generation of singlet oxygen ((1)O2) from AlPcS4-GA-G3-PHSNPs under visible light excitation was detected by the in situ electron spin resonance measurements and the oxidative reaction between the generated (1)O2 and a chemical probe. In vitro cellular experiments showed that the photosensitive GA-G3-PHSNPs exhibited a good biocompatibility in the dark and a higher killing efficacy against MCF-7 tumor cells upon irradiation as compared with free AlPcS4, which implies that the preformed photosensitive drug-carrier system might be potentially applicable in PDT.

Copyright © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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