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Cell Mol Biol. 1990;36(1):93-100.

Histamine content and mast cells distribution in mouse uterus: the effect of sexual hormones, gestation and labor.

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  • 1Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.


The histamine content of uteri from mice was analyzed in terms of both concentration and total amount per uterine horn a) at two stages of the estrous cycle (estrous and diestrous), b) under sex hormone treatment, c) during pregnancy and after delivery. Histamine concentration and mast cell density were greater during diestrous and in mice treated with progesterone (p less than 0.001). This effect was attributed to a reduction in uterine mass weight, since the amount of histamine per uterine horn remained constant throughout the estrous cycle. During pregnancy, both concentration and amount of histamine per uterine horn were increased, values were significantly higher than in estrous (p less than 0.001) from day 14-17 until day 21 when labor occurred. After six to eight hours post-partum an abrupt reduction on histamine content was observed. Mast cells were more abundant in myometrium than in endometrium, their density followed the same pattern as histamine concentration throughout the estrous cycle.

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