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Fertil Steril. 2013 Feb;99(2):299-302. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.12.032.

Assisted reproductive technologies and perinatal morbidity: interrogating the association.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. kbarnhart@obgyn.upenn.edu

Abstract

Interrogating the association between assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and perinatal outcome is complicated but very important. This is an introduction to a series of articles that review this potential association with an eye toward etiology of risk, and what aspects of in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be modified to reduce this risk. When an association is not due to chance (i.e., statistically significant), one must also consider how the association may be affected due to bias or confounding. Despite lack of the perfect study, perinatal consequences of ART are apparent, even though the vast majority of children conceived with ART are healthy. Pregnancy after IVF is altered as evidenced by risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight among infants, and an alerted prevalence of preeclampsia. The long-term clinical implications of ART, such as childhood development and metabolism, have not been established and ongoing study is proceeding. The risk attributed to multiple births is iatrogenic and needs to be minimized. Optimizing the environment at the time a woman conceives will likely have an effect on gestation as well as the health of children. Reproduction effects health and health effects reproduction.

Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23375143
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3564059
Free PMC Article
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