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Urology. 2013 Feb;81(2):442-5. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.11.021.

Techniques for holmium laser lithotripsy of intrarenal calculi.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, University of Michigan Hospitals and Health Centers, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5330, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe specific techniques of holmium laser lithotripsy for intrarenal calculi based on characteristics of the stone.

METHODS:

The dancing, chipping, fragmenting, and popcorn techniques are used to ablate stones ureteroscopically with the holmium laser.

RESULTS:

All techniques lead to successful stone ablation, with the different techniques being applied preferentially to stones with different characteristics.

CONCLUSION:

Honing precise techniques of ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy can lead to more efficient lithotripsy.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23374826
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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