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Urology. 2013 Feb;81(2):370-5. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.08.072.

Computer-aided (HistoScanning) biopsies versus conventional transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies: do targeted biopsy schemes improve the cancer detection rate?

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology and Pediatric Urology, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany. mhamann@urology.uni-kiel.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To define potential improvement in prostate cancer detection by application of a computer-aided, targeted, biopsy regimen using HistoScanning.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We analyzed 80 patients who underwent systematic transrectal, targeted transrectal, and targeted perineal biopsies. Each patient was diagnosed preoperatively by HistoScanning, defining a maximum of 3 suspicious areas. These areas were biopsied, both transrectally and via the perineum, with a maximum of 3 cores per location.

RESULTS:

We detected prostatitis in 30 patients (37.5%), premalignant lesions in 10 (12.5%), and prostate cancer in 28 (35%). The transrectal technique was used to detect 78.6% of all cancers using 14 cores by systematic biopsy. With a maximum of 9 targeted cores, 82.1% of all cancers were detected with the targeted perineal approach and 53.6% were detected with the targeted transrectal approach. Although our data did not show significant difference in the performance of targeted transperineal compared with systematic transrectal biopsies, the detection rate of targeted transrectal biopsies was significantly lower.

CONCLUSION:

The presented targeted biopsy scheme achieved an overall detection rate of 85% of prostate-specific antigen-relevant pathologic lesions within the prostate. Thus, the presented procedure shows an improved detection rate compared with standard systematic prostate biopsies, and the number of cores required is reduced. Furthermore, the perineal HistoScanning-aided approach seems to be superior to the transrectal approach with respect to the prostate cancer detection rate. The presented procedure might be a step toward reliable ultrasound-based tissue characterization and toward fulfilling the requirements of novel therapeutic strategies.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • Editorial comment. [Urology. 2013]
PMID:
23374806
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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