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Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2013 Nov;58(6):437-41. doi: 10.1007/s12223-013-0226-x. Epub 2013 Feb 2.

V-ATPase dysfunction suppresses polyphosphate synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae accumulates the high levels of inorganic polyphosphates (polyPs) performing in the cells numerous functions, including phosphate and energy storage. The effects of vacuolar membrane ATPase (V-ATPase) dysfunction were studied on polyP accumulation under short-term cultivation in the Pi-excess media after Pi starvation. The addition of bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of V-ATPase, to the medium with glucose resulted in strong inhibition of the synthesis of long-chain polyP and in substantial suppression of short-chain polyP. The addition of bafilomycin to the medium with ethanol resulted in decreased accumulation of high-molecular polyP, while the accumulation of low-molecular polyP was not affected. The levels of polyP synthesis in the mutant strain with a deletion in the vma2 gene encoding a V-ATPase subunit were significantly lower than in the parent strain in the media with glucose and with ethanol. The synthesis of the longest chain polyP was not observed in the mutant cells. The synthesis of only the low-polymer acid-soluble polyP fraction occurred in the cells of the mutant strain. However, the level of polyP1 was nearly tenfold lower than compared to the cells of the parent strain. Both bafilomycin A1 and the mutation in vacuolar ATPase subunit vma2 lead to a considerable decrease of cellular polyP accumulation. Thus, the defects in ΔμH(+) formation on the vacuolar membrane resulted in the decrease of polyP biosynthesis in S. cerevisiae.

PMID:
23371743
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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