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Stroke. 2013 Mar;44(3):635-41. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.112.670653. Epub 2013 Jan 31.

The Modified Graeb Score: an enhanced tool for intraventricular hemorrhage measurement and prediction of functional outcome.

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  • 1College of Medical, Veterinary, Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Simple and rapid measures of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) volume are lacking. We developed and validated a modification of the original Graeb scale to facilitate rapid assessment of IVH over time.

METHODS:

We explored the relationship between the modified Graeb scale (mGS), original Graeb scale, measured IVH volume, and outcome using data from the Clot Lysis: Evaluating Accelerated Resolution of Hemorrhage with rtPA B (CLEAR B) study. We also explored its reliability. We then evaluated the relationship between mGS and outcome in a large sample of participants with IVH using data contained within the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA). We defined outcome using the modified Rankin scale (>3 signifying poor outcome).

RESULTS:

The CLEAR B study included 360 scans from 36 subjects. The mGS score and IVH volume were highly correlated (R = 0.80, P<0.0001, R(2) 0.65). Baseline mGS was predictive of poor outcome (area under receiving operating characteristic curve 0.74, 95% confidence interval, 0.57-0.91), whereas the original Graeb scale was not. The VISTA study included 399 participants. Each unit increase in the mGS led to a 12% increase in the odds of a poor outcome (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-1.19). Measures of reliability (intra- and inter- reader) were good in both studies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The mGS, a semiquantitative scale for IVH volume measurement, is a reliable measure with prognostic validity suitable for rapid use in clinical practice and in research.

PMID:
23370203
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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