Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013 Feb;24(2):165-73; quiz 174. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2012.10.004. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Heparin-bonded, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene-lined stent graft in the treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease: 1-year results of the VIPER (Viabahn Endoprosthesis with Heparin Bioactive Surface in the Treatment of Superficial Femoral Artery Obstructive Disease) trial.

Author information

  • 1North County Radiology Medical Group, 3156 Vista Way, Suite 100, Oceanside, CA 92056, USA. rsaxon5@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the performance of a heparin-bonded, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-lined nitinol endoprosthesis in the treatment of long-segment occlusive disease of the femoropopliteal artery (FPA) and to identify factors associated with loss of patency.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In a single-arm, prospective, 11-center study (VIPER [Gore Viabahn Endoprosthesis with Heparin Bioactive Surface in the Treatment of Superficial Femoral Artery Obstructive Disease] trial), 119 limbs (113 patients; 69 men; mean age, 67 y), including 88 with Rutherford category 3-5 disease and 72 with Inter-Society Consensus for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II) C or D lesions of the FPA, underwent stent graft implantation. The mean lesion length was 19 cm; 56% of lesions were occlusions. Follow-up evaluations included color duplex ultrasonography in all patients, with patency defined as a peak systolic velocity ratio< 2.5.

RESULTS:

At 12 months, Rutherford category and ankle-brachial index (ABI) were significantly improved (mean category improvement, 2.4; ABI increased from 0.6±0.2 to 0.9±0.19; P<.0001). Primary and secondary patency rates were 73% and 92%. The primary patency for devices oversized<20% at the proximal landing zone was 88%, whereas the primary patency for devices oversized by>20% was 70% (P = .047). Primary patency was not significantly affected by device diameter (5 vs 6 vs 7 mm) or lesion length (≤20 cm vs>20 cm). The 30-day major adverse event rate was 0.8%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The heparin-bonded, ePTFE/nitinol stent graft provided clinical improvement and a primary patency rate of 73% at 1 year in the treatment of long-segment FPA disease. Careful sizing of the device relative to vessel landing zones is essential for achieving optimal outcomes.

Copyright © 2013 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
23369553
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk