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Anesthesiology. 2013 May;118(5):1140-9. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828744a5.

Activation of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 protects monocyte from apoptosis through regulation of myeloid cell leukemia-1.

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  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) can amplify the proinflammatory response and may contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory disease such as sepsis. However, the role of TREM-1 in monocyte fate and the detailed molecular mechanisms evoked by TREM-1 are unknown.

METHODS:

Adenoviruses overexpressing TREM-1 were constructed and transfected into a monocytic cell line. After activation of TREM-1 by agonist antibody with or without lipopolysaccharide, apoptosis was induced and assayed using flow cytometry. The signaling pathways downstream of TREM-1 were illustrated by inhibitory experiments. Proapoptotic/antiapoptotic protein levels were measured using immunoblot. In addition, the relationship between the expression levels of TREM-1 in monocytes and the magnitude of monocyte apoptosis were analyzed in septic patients.

RESULTS:

Activation of TREM-1 protected monocytes from staurosporine-induced apoptosis. This characteristic was also obtained under lipopolysaccharide stimulation. The protection of TREM-1 against monocyte apoptosis was abrogated after inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase or v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homologue signaling. Cross-linking of TREM-1 remarkably up-regulated myeloid cell leukemia-1 protein level, and inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase or v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homologue resulted in the reduction of myeloid cell leukemia-1 expression. Inhibition of myeloid cell leukemia-1 abolished the antiapoptotic effect of TREM-1. Furthermore, in septic patients, TREM-1 levels were inversely correlated to the magnitude of apoptosis in monocyte.

CONCLUSIONS:

TREM-1 played an important role in apoptosis in monocytes. Activation of TREM-1 protected monocytic cells from apoptosis through activation of both extracellular signal-regulated kinase and v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homologue pathways and increased expression of myeloid cell leukemia-1 protein. These findings provide a novel additional mechanism for TREM-1-mediated hyperinflammatory response in monocytes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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