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Am J Nephrol. 2013;37(2):118-25. doi: 10.1159/000346415. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

Interaction between interferon-stimulated gene 56 and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 in Toll-like receptor 3 signaling in normal human mesangial cells.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Biology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan. timaizum@cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is a pathogen recognition receptor against viral double-stranded RNA. TLR3 signaling is important in antiviral responses, but inappropriate TLR3 signaling may be related with inflammatory renal diseases. Interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene 56 (ISG56) is an IFN-inducible gene that encodes a multifunctional protein with 6 tetratricopeptide motifs and is thought to be involved in antiviral reactions, but the role of ISG56 in TLR3 signaling in mesangial cells is not known well.

METHODS:

Normal human mesangial cells were cultured and treated with a synthetic TLR3 ligand polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid, and the expression of ISG56 was analyzed using real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. Using an RNA-interfering technique, involvement of TLR3, IFN-β, melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) or retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) in ISG56 expression, and of ISG56 in the expression of MDA5, RIG-I, CXCL10 and CCL5 was examined.

RESULTS:

Treatment of cells with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid induced ISG56. ISG56 induction was inhibited by knockdown of TLR3 or IFN-β, and knockdown of ISG56 resulted in the decreased expression of MDA5, RIG-I, CXCL10 and CCL5. RNA interference against MDA5 decreased ISG56 expression.

CONCLUSION:

ISG56 was induced by TLR3 signaling via newly synthesized IFN-β. ISG56 is involved in the expression of MDA5, RIG-I, CXCL10 and CCL5, and ISG56 and MDA5 may constitute a positive-feedback loop. ISG56 may play a role in immune and inflammatory reactions induced by TLR3 signaling in human mesangial cells.

Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
23363937
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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