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J Interv Cardiol. 2013 Apr;26(2):153-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8183.2013.12016.x. Epub 2013 Jan 31.

Everolimus-eluting stents versus sirolimus- or paclitaxel-eluting stents: two-year results from the Guthrie Health Off-Label Stent (GHOST) registry.

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  • 1Guthrie Clinic, Sayre, Pennsylvania, USA.



We sought to compare the safety and effectiveness of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) versus first generation drug-eluting stents (FG-DES; sirolimus-eluting stent [SES] or paclitaxel-eluting stent [PES]).


In 2,126 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), we compared the 2-year incidence of stent thrombosis (ST) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) between the EES versus FG-DES groups. Secondary end-points included all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), death or MI, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, including death, MI, ST, or TVR). Further, we evaluated these end-points in 2 propensity-matched subgroups: EES versus SES; EES versus PES.


Complete 2-year follow-up was available in 1,911 (90%) patients. Compared to FG-DES, implantation of EES was associated with trends towards lower ST (0.9% vs. 2.8%, P = 0.068) and TVR (3.8% vs. 7.2%, P = 0.052), which persisted after adjustment for baseline differences (for ST, adjusted hazard ratio, HR 0.32; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI 0.10-1.02, P = 0.053; for TVR, HR 0.40; 95% CI 0.22-0.75, P = 0.004). Compared to SES, EES implantation was associated with lower TVR and a trend towards lower ST. Compared to PES, EES implantation was associated with less ST and TVR and trends towards lower death/MI and MACE. In the EES group, no ST was seen after the first 3 months.


The use of EES compared to FG-DES appears to be associated with reductions in ST and TVR at 2-year follow-up. Improved outcomes with EES are observed in comparison with SES as well as PES.

© 2013, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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