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Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014 Mar;31(2):109-16. doi: 10.3109/08880018.2012.762594. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Spectrum of bone marrow failures of myeloid series: new report of neutropenic patients from a referral pediatric center in Iran.

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  • 1Pediatrics Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Neutropenia is a reduction of the absolute neutrophil count (ANC), which could be seen in different conditions, while its association with a number of primary immunodeficiency diseases has been reported. This study was performed in all neutropenic patients who were admitted in a referral pediatric hospital during a 6-year period (2006-2011). One hundred and forty patients with ANC of below 1500/mm(3) were investigated in this study. The most common causes of neutropenia were severe congenital neutropenia (41%), aplastic anemia (19%), cyclic neutropenia (11%), hyperimmunoglobulin M syndrome (9%), and fanconi anemia (7%). The patients experienced their first manifestation at a median age of 1 year, while the median diagnostic age was 21 months. Parental consanguinity was present in about half of the cases. The most common clinical manifestations of the patients were sinusitis (62 cases), periodontitis (51 cases), acute diarrhea (39 cases), pneumonia (38 cases), abscess (36 cases), skin rashes (35 cases), and otitis media (31 cases). Twenty two patients (16%) died during the study period. Considering the differential diagnosis of neutropenia, making the diagnosis and appropriate treatments are the keys in management of patients with neutropenia to avoid further complications.

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