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ACS Chem Biol. 2013 Apr 19;8(4):679-83. doi: 10.1021/cb300666s. Epub 2013 Feb 6.

Mechanisms of PI3Kβ-selective inhibition revealed by reciprocal mutagenesis.


The p110β isoform of PI3 kinase (PI3Kβ) has been implicated in pathological disorders such as thrombosis and cancer and a number of PI3Kβ-selective inhibitors have recently progressed into clinical studies. Although crystallography studies identify a binding site conformation favored by the inhibitors, no specific interaction explains the observed selectivity. Using site-directed mutagenesis we have identified a specific tyrosine residue of the binding site Y778 that dictates the ability of the PI3Kβ isoform to bind these inhibitors. When mutated to isoleucine, PI3Kβ has reduced ability to present a specific cryptic binding site into which a range of reported PI3Kβ inhibitors can bind, and conversely when tyrosine is introduced into the same position in PI3Kα, the same inhibitors gain potency. The results provide a cogent explanation for the selectivity profiles displayed by these PI3K inhibitors and maybe others as well.

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