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Histol Histopathol. 2013 Jun;28(6):725-35. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Nrf1 is time-dependently expressed and distributed in the distinct cell types after trauma to skeletal muscles in rats.

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  • 1Department of Forensic Pathology, China Medical University School of Forensic Medicine Shenyang, Liaoning, PR China.


Our goal was to elucidate the dynamic expression and distribution of the nuclear factor erythroid-derived factor 2-related factor 1 (Nrf1) by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and real-time PCR during wound healing of contused skeletal muscle in rats. An animal model of skeletal muscle contusion was established in 40 Sprague-Dawley male healthy rats. Samples were taken at 6 h, 12 h, 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days, 10 days, and 14 days post-injury, respectively (5 rats in each posttraumatic interval). 5 rats were employed as control. A weak immunoreactivity of Nrf1 was observed in the sarcoplasm and nuclei of normal myofibers in control rats. Prominent immunostaining for Nrf1 was seen in a large number of polymorphonuclear cells, round-shaped mononuclear cells and spindle-shaped fibroblastic cells, and regenerated multinucleated myotubes in the injured tissue. Subsequently, neutrophils, macrophages and myofibroblasts were identified as expressing Nrf1 by double immunofluorescent procedures. By real-time PCR analysis, Nrf1 expression was up-regulated and peaked at inflammatory phase. The expression tendency was also confirmed by Western blot. In conclusion, Nrf1 is time-dependently expressed in certain cell types, such as neutrophils, macrophages, myofibroblasts and regenerated multinucleated myotubes, suggesting that Nrf1 may modulate oxidative stress response and regeneration after trauma to skeletal muscles.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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