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J Glaucoma. 2013 Feb;22(2):110-6. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e31823298c8.

Glaucoma subtypes in Ethiopian clinic patients.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. addisneo@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Until population-based data become available in Ethiopia, hospital-based studies may reflect the distribution of the subtypes of glaucoma in certain parts of the country.

PURPOSE:

The main aim of this study was to determine the subtypes of glaucoma in Jimma University Hospital, Ethiopia.

METHODS:

A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Jimma University Hospital from April 1, 2007 to March 30, 2008. The study population consisted of 335 consecutive new and follow-up patients with glaucoma diagnosed based on strict objective criteria.

RESULTS:

The mean (SD) age of the study patients was 57.0 (12.7) years (range, 8 to 90 y). The male to female ratio was 2.7:1. The 2 most common subtypes of glaucoma found were exfoliation glaucoma (35.2%) and primary open angle glaucoma (32.8%). Primary angle closure glaucoma was diagnosed in 18.5% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The finding of exfoliation glaucoma as the most common subtype of glaucoma in the present clinic-based study is interesting. Such observation has never been reported from anywhere in Africa. We recommend community-based surveys to define the real distribution of the glaucoma subtypes in Ethiopia.

PMID:
23358209
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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