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Obes Surg. 2013 Jun;23(6):770-5. doi: 10.1007/s11695-013-0868-4.

Predictive factors of type 2 diabetes remission 1 year after bariatric surgery: impact of surgical techniques.

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  • 1Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69008, Lyon, France. maud.robert@chu-lyon.fr


Type 2 diabetes (T2D) remission after bariatric procedures has been highlighted in many retrospective and some recent prospective studies. However, in the most recent prospective study, more than 50 % of patients did not reach T2D remission at 1 year. Our aim was to identify baseline positive predictors for T2D remission at 1 year after bariatric surgery and to build a preoperative predictive score. We analysed the data concerning 161 obese operated on between June 2007 and December 2010. Among them, 46 were diabetic and were included in the study-11 laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), 26 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 9 sleeve gastrectomy (SG). We compared anthropometric and metabolic features during 1 year of follow-up. A receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict T2D remission. RYGB and SG were similarly efficient for body weight loss and more efficient than LAGB; 62.8 % of patients presented with T2DM remission at 1 year, with no significant difference according to the surgical procedure. A 1-year body mass index (BMI) <35 kg m(-2) was predictive of T2DM remission whatever the procedure. The preoperative predictive factors of diabetes remission were baseline BMI ≤50 kg m(-2), duration of type 2 diabetes ≤4 years, glycated haemoglobin ≤7.1 %, fasting glucose <1.14 g/l and absence of insulin therapy. A short duration of diabetes and good preoperative glycaemic control increase the rate of T2DM remission 1 year after surgery. Preoperative metabolic data could be of greater importance than the choice of bariatric procedure.

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