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Neurosci Lett. 2013 Mar 22;538:38-42. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2013.01.020. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Gender differences in detecting unanticipated stimuli: an ERP study.

Author information

  • 1Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China. jinyan19790803@126.com


The aim of the present study was to investigate the gender differences during an emotional anticipation task. Sixteen females and sixteen males participated in the experiment. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured in a modified cue-target paradigm and were recorded following stimuli that differed in two dimensions: (1) predictable vs. unpredictable pictures and (2) negative vs. neutral pictures. Cue-induced ERP results demonstrated that females had enhanced positive component (P2) compared to males. Moreover, results showed that during the unpredictable condition, females displayed larger P2 amplitudes in negative and neutral anticipation than males. This study demonstrates that females have greater sensitivity to the unanticipated stimuli, which may contribute to evolution.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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