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Eur J Surg Oncol. 2013 Apr;39(4):404-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2013.01.001. Epub 2013 Jan 21.

Contemporary management of perianal conditions in febrile neutropenic patients.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, King Hussein Cancer Center, P.O.Box 1269, Al-Jubeiha, Amman 11941, Jordan.



The aim of this study was to examine the type and frequency of perianal conditions in a contemporary series of febrile neutropenic patients and to examine the risk factors, management options and outcome of septic perianal conditions.


Medical records of all adult febrile neutropenic patients (933 patients) who were admitted during the period from January, 2009 to December 2011 were retrospectively review. All patients with perianal complaints or conditions were included. The clinical features, management and outcome of septic conditions were recorded.


Of all the reviewed charts, 101 (10.8%) had perianal complaints or conditions. Most of them were non septic (74.3%), like piles and fissures, and were treated conservatively. In 26 patients the diagnosis was a septic condition: abscess (12 patients), fistula (4), inflammation (9) and necrotizing fasciitis (1). Septic conditions were more commonly found in males younger than 40 years. Surgery was done in 13 patients to drain a collection and in 2 patients to debride necrotic tissue. Most patients who had no collection had conservative management. There was 1 fatality only (3.8%) in those 26 patients.


Most of the perianal conditions in febrile neutropenic patients are non septic and are managed conservatively. Septic perianal conditions are not associated with a poor prognosis as in the past. Surgical drainage should be reserved to conditions where there is a collection; otherwise patients should be managed conservatively but with close monitoring.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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