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Clin Ophthalmol. 2013;7:141-7. doi: 10.2147/OPTH.S39463. Epub 2013 Jan 16.

Anterior segment biometry using ultrasound biomicroscopy and the Artemis-2 very high frequency ultrasound scanner.

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  • 1King Saud University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.



To compare the precision of anterior chamber angle (ACA) and anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements taken with ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and the Artemis-2 Very High Frequency Ultrasound Scanner (VHFUS) in normal subjects.


Prospective study.


We randomly selected one eye from each of 59 normal subjects in this study. Two subjects dropped out of the study; the associated data were excluded from analysis. ACA and ACD measurements were obtained using the VHFUS and the UBM. The results were compared statistically using repeated-measures analysis of variance for the intraobserver repeatability, unpaired t-test, and limits of agreement.


The average ACA values for the UBM and the VHFUS (±standard deviation) were 41.83° ± 5.03° and 33.36° ± 6.03°, respectively. The average ACD values were 2.96 ± 0.34 mm and 2.87 ± 0.31 mm. The intraobserver repeatability analysis of variance P-values for ACA and ACD measurements using UBM were 0.10 and 0.68, respectively; for the Artemis-2 VHFUS, the respective values were 0.68 and 0.09. The difference in ACA measurements was statistically significant (t = 8.41; P < 0.0001), while the difference in ACD values was not (t = 1.51; P < 0.13). The mean ACA difference was 8.50° ± 2.50°, and the limits of agreement were +13.30° to -3.60°. The mean ACD difference was 0.09 ± 0.27 mm, and the limits of agreement ranged from 0.61 mm to -0.43 mm. The mean difference percentage of ACD was 3.1% for both instruments.


In case of the ACD, both instruments can be used interchangeably; however, with the ACA instruments, they cannot be used interchangeably.


Artemis-2 VHF scanner; anterior chamber angle; anterior chamber depth; normal eyes; ultrasound biomicroscope

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