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Ginekol Pol. 2012 Aug;83(8):626-9.

Spontaneous rupture of unscarred uterus in the early second trimester: a case report of placenta percreta.

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  • 1Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecological Endocrinology, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.



Prevalence of uterine rupture at delivery has been recently estimated at less than 1 in 2500 deliveries. Spontaneous uterine rupture in the early mid-trimester (16 weeks gestation or less), is far less frequent. We report a case of uterine rupture due to placenta percreta in otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy


A 35-year-old, gravida 5, para 5, at 15wk 2d gestation (menstrual age) with negative history of uterine scarring suddenly developed symptoms of incipient hypovolemic shock while being hospitalized for imminent miscarriage. On exploratory laparotomy we found a midline uterine rupture infiltrated by the placenta. Supracervical hysterectomy was performed. Postoperative lab analysis confirmed the elevated serum AFP levels.


Abnormal placentation and subsequent uterine rupture should be taken into consideration also in women in the second trimester who have no history of uterine instrumentation.

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