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J Biochem. 2013 Apr;153(4):371-9. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvt003. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Generation of a human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell line expressing and secreting high levels of bioactive α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone.

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  • 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China. zhongyuesi@gmail.com

Abstract

α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) functions as a mediator of inflammation and immunity; however, the short half-life and high dose needed limit the comprehensive clinical application of α-MSH. The aim of this study was to generate human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that express and secrete high levels of bioactive α-MSH. MSCs were obtained from a normal donor and assessed for proliferation, surface markers, and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation. A lentivirus-encoding α-MSH was constructed. MSCs were infected with this lentivirus-encoding α-MSH and assessed for stability and the expression and secretion of bioactive α-MSH. The cumulative MSC expansion rates pre- and post-lentivirus infection were not significantly different (P > 0.05). The MSCs remained stable after infection with the lentivirus-encoding α-MSH. The concentration of α-MSH in the supernatants of MSCs infected with the lentivirus-encoding α-MSH was 17.55 ng/ml (P < 0.001), and a melanin assay indicated that bioactive α-MSH was secreted from MSCs infected with the lentivirus-encoding α-MSH, with an optical absorbance at OD(405) of 0.886 (P < 0.001). These results suggested that MSCs were promising cell carriers for the expression and secretion of high levels of bioactive α-MSH.

PMID:
23341471
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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