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Singapore Med J. 2013 Jan;54(1):4-7; quiz p.7.

ECG P wave abnormalities.

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  • 1Cardiac Department, National University Heart Centre, Singapore.


P wave abnormalities are commonly found on ECG. However, they are seldom discussed and may also be neglected during ECG interpretion. In this article, we discuss two common types of P wave abnormalities, 'P mitrale' and 'P pulmonale'. The former was found in a patient with mitral valve stenosis, while the latter was from a patient with pulmonary hypertension. Echocardiography is important in evaluating the causes of P wave abnormalities.

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